Culture Loss and Changes after Earthquake-Related Residence Shift
Gorkha Earthquake-2015 had massive impact on economic and social life of Nepali people throughout the country. Beside physical destruction, it had immense psychological and cultural loses. Many people had to migrate from their land to somewhere new places for survival. Some had to leave their address permanently and many returned back to their land after reconstruction and normalcy. But during this course, beside physical and psychological losses, cultural and social losses were imminent as well, that had been shadowed till date due to over-emphasis on numerical ways of analysing losses.
Bhaktapur was one among many districts heavily affected by the earthquake. Due to densely compact old houses, Bhaktapur had lost lot of physical property and people. As many houses fell down to ground zero, people had to migrate to the new places, mostly outskirt of the main city area, permanently or temporarily. As a by-product of this sort of migration, Bhaktapur- a bastion of cultural life had lost certain part of intangible cultural heritages as the life style and interconnectivity went through the diverse changes.
This paper majorly studies about how the people from Bhaktapur Municipality area after migrating to the new land, outskirts of the core resident had lost the cultural and social affinity towards their used-to cultural and social events. How it made feeling of losses among the cultural practitioners and other ordinary people living cultural life.
By using the theory of cultural trauma and revitalization as a tool, this paper deals how local people after facing havoc of destructive earthquake, tried to adjust the cultural distancing and forming of new circles of cultural practices. It studies how traditional cultural practices lost their tempo as people of certain tole/galli within core area migrated to different places and lost interconnectivity. It is qualitative study that uses data from primary sources including field visit and interview. Highlighting the impact on cultural loss and trauma, the paper suggests the probable ways to revitalize and rejuvenate the cultural life and sustainability. It also studies how practical ways of cultural adaption are being operated amidst the vulnerability of cultural losses.