Impacts of Contradictions among Dalits for Peace-building in Post-conflict Nepal
This paper argues that the strategic politics of exclusion prevailing within Hindu societies of south Asian countries has divided labour and humanity conspicuously. The arrangement of rules and regulations could not prevent stigmatic practice of untouchability from the conventional Nepalese society; 13.6 percentage members from the oppressed communities have been facing discriminations. It elucidates how politics of exclusion dehumanized the disadvantaged communities and kept on exploiting them with conventional philosophy of discrimination. This paper has a nexus with peace building issues in post-conflict Nepal; encompassing the existing contradictions among the disadvantaged communities. Guneratne (2010) argues structural violence ignores existing rules and regulations as a barrier to human creativity. It is pathetic for personality development of citizens by consolidating discriminatory attitudes and demeanor. Folmar (2010) argues discrimination itself is intolerable social crime, which lacks critical gaze and consolidates conventional thoughts. The exclusionary Varna system prevailed within Hindu society enhances negative peace and division to escalate conflict. It is a descriptive research with qualitative design. The ‘self-reliance theory (Juche` Philosophy)’, and ‘social division and criminal theory’ best support this paper.
The researcher collected data from Farwestern Province Acham (Kamalbazaar Municipality) and Karnali Province Dailekh (Aathabis Municipality) and Kalikot (Khandachakra Municipality). The principle tools adopted are key informants Interview, personal communications, focus group discussions, participant observations and media disseminations. It has accumulated the comprehensive inferences of 75 respondents from the interview and focus group discussion, which the number of females is 40, (53.33) percentage and that of the males 35, (46.67) percentage. Respondents from all social walk participated in this journey. The researcher has analyzed data systematically that expose multifaceted strategic politics of discrimination, as caste and Varna putting malicious outcomes on the existence of the weaker sections in Hindu society. Unlike the discriminatory perspectives pervade in several parts of the world, the present paper has explained unscientific discriminations backed-up with its specific rhetoric of upgrading and degrading, which promoted the practice of untouchability and contempt among the fellow companions permanently.
This paper elaborates unconditional involvement of the disadvantaged communities in state building process that demanded their blood and flesh as unrecognized painstaking contributions. Caste discrimination, as identical benchmark for intellectual deviation is power determinant and ardent monopoly of then political leaders in authority. In addition, it has focused on their conventional perspectives to conflict escalation and the state-building process expecting comprehensive justice, reparation and reconciliation. Reconciliation is innovative aspect for the conflict resolution that it is significant enough for inquisitive individuals, journalists, students, campaigners, researchers, professionals, development practitioners, political activists, cultural initiators and the public. It will be panacea for resolving existing socio-politico-cultural maladies pervading within conventional Nepalese society. Conventional attitudes, thoughts and demeanors are poison for creativity and innovations that encourage for the deteriorating human status which excessively demands sagacious leadership for eradication of social evils. The internal contradictions among them may destroy unity and coherence.
Keywords: discrimination, contradiction, conflict, state-building, reparation, conciliation and peace building